Not being able to get quality sleep day in and day out due to one or many sleep disorders may not seem like a problem that needs to be tackled. But studies reveal that if allowed to advance, it could culminate in heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other severe conditions. Therefore, having knowledge of common sleep disorders will enable you to determine if you suffer from any and take measures.

Insomnia

What causes insomnia

Most common of all sleep disorders, insomnia troubles a majority of the population. People suffering from this disorder find it incredibly difficult to fall asleep at night, even if they lay in bed for hours on end. Studies reveal that most adults suffer from temporary insomnia at some point during their life, and in some cases, it could even be chronic.

Before we go further, it’s important to determine what insomnia is. If you can’t sleep because you’ve had a quarrel with someone, or there is not enough time to get some shut-eye, it isn’t insomnia. If you’re relaxed and in the state of mind where a normal person would fall asleep, but you don’t, then it’s insomnia.

Why do you have it?

How to cure insomnia

There are a lot of things that could lead to insomnia, and the most common are alcohol consumption and recreational drugs. Conditions like depression, irregular circadian rhythms, physiological and psychological tensions can also result in insomnia, as well as the use of steroids and antidepressants.

Remedies & prevention

You must create the right conditions for your sleep. Dim the lights down and turn off your mobile devices, television − anything that could be considered useless noise − one hour before bedtime. Staring at bright screens doesn’t stimulate the sleeping process and keeps you awake.

When you get in bed, make sure the temperature is at a comfortable degree, all the lights are switched off, and all clocks are facing the other direction because staring at them all night isn’t going to help you fall asleep either!

Intense snoring

How to cure snoring

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Although a little snoring never hurt anybody (except the person sleeping right next to you), if your snoring is intense and wakes you up several times during the night, it’s an issue. If it inhibits breathing and deprives you of oxygen during your sleep, this could be a symptom of sleep apnea. Waking up like this multiple times could prove devastating to your physical and mental well-being.

Why do you have it?

Obesity is a common factor that causes intense snoring. Skin growth inside your nasal cavity can also cause this. Consuming alcohol, smoking, and certain relaxation drugs may be responsible as well.

Remedies & prevention

Reducing alcohol consumption and avoiding smoking are the first steps. If you’re overweight, getting your body under control will revitalize its functions and help you as well. Studies have revealed that laying on your back triggers snoring, so sleeping on your sides is advised.

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea treatment

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As mentioned earlier, sleep apnea is the condition when an individual finds their breathing to be inhibited due to skin growths within the nostrils. This can be disastrous as it cuts off the oxygen supply while you’re sleeping, jerking you awake and leaving you gasping for breath. If left untreated, this can cause severe medical conditions like heart and lung failures. Even if it doesn’t, the short-time effects like sleepiness during the day time can adversely affect your performance and cognitive well-being.

Why do you have it?

Obesity is a contributing factor. Not all, but most people suffering from sleep apnea are overweight. And it can even be a small thing, like gaining a few additional pounds.

Remedies & prevention

A healthy diet and regular exercise will help you maintain your body weight. Studies have found that sleep apnea can be reduced and even cured by weight loss. If your physician has studied your sleep patterns and diagnosed you with this sleep disorder, but determined the cause as something other than obesity, they can suggest therapies designed to keep your nasal cavities open during sleep.

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy treatment

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Not as well-known as the other disorders mentioned above, but widely prevalent nonetheless, narcolepsy is a nervous disorder that induces excessive sleepiness. You’ll know it’s a problem when you are extremely sleepy and can’t get yourself to stay active and awake during the day.

Why do you have it

Narcolepsy is caused by a hypocretin chemical deficiency, which is responsible for keeping you awake. In some instances, this could be a hereditary disorder. It could also be triggered during particular seasons or in conjunction with other illnesses like a bacterial throat infection.

Remedies & prevention

Narcolepsy doesn’t have a definitive cure as of yet and is often overlooked during diagnosis. Sleep enhancing medicines at night and cognitive enhancers like Adderall during the day can be used to combat this disorder. Another alternative is to resort entirely to natural remedies, like having power naps and caffeinated drinks during the day.

Sleepwalking

Sleepwalking treatment

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During sleepwalking, a person walks and carries out actions while in light stages of sleep. Returning to bed minutes later, people usually have no memory of the incident in the morning. If not for prior knowledge of the disorder, a spectator wouldn’t know that the sleepwalker isn’t in control of their actions, as they seem completely awake.

Why do you have it?

Studies on the disorder have not been able to determine what causes it. But, they have observed that it is more common in children than in adults, during the early stages of childhood. The disorder is considered to be hereditary, with a high likelihood of a child sleepwalking if one of the parents does as well.

Remedies & prevention

Sleepwalking doesn’t have a cure. Attention should be directed at making the surroundings safe, so the sleepwalker doesn’t hurt themselves. Any doors or windows should be locked to prevent them from walking out.

If sleep disorders become a continuing problem and adversely affect your performance and well-being, you should seek expert help and see a doctor immediately. In the meantime, should you have more advice on battling sleep disorders, share it in the comments below and learn more about health with our articles about taking a break from sitting all day and 15 foods that help lose pounds.